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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

vin                      CHURCH OF S. THEODOSIA                      167
Saviour Euergetes which stood near S. Theodosia beside the Golden Horn,
NOTE
While Zosimus and Alexander agree in placing the relics of S. Theodosia in a church in the region of Psamathia, they differ as to the name of that church, the former naming it Everghetis, while the latter styles it Kirmarta. As appears from statements found on pages 108, 163, 205 of the Itineraires russes^ the two sanctuaries were closely connected. But however this discrepancy should be treated^ there can be no doubt that relics of S. Theodosia were exhibited, not only in the church dedicated to her beside the Golden Horn3 but also in a church in the south-western part of the city. Nor can it be doubted that a church in the latter quarter was dedicated to the Theotokos Euergetes.
That several churches should have claimed to possess the relics of the heroine who championed the cause of eikons, assuming that all the Russian pilgrims had one and the same S. Theodosia in mind, is not strange. Many other popular saints were honoured in a similar fashion.
The shrine of S. Theodosia was famed for miraculous cures. Her horn of plenty was filled with gifts of healing. Twice a week, on Wednesdays and Fridays, according to Stephen of Novgorod, or on Mondays and Fridays, according to another pilgrim, the relics of the saint were carried in procession and laid upon sick and impotent folk.1 Those were days of high festival. All the approaches to the church were packed with men and women eager to witness the wonders performed. Patients representing almost every complaint to which human flesh is heir filled the court. Gifts of oil and money poured into the treasury ; the church was a blaze of lighted tapers ; the prayers were long ; the chanting was loud. Meanwhile the sufferers were borne one after another to the sacred relics, cand whoever was sick/ says the devout Stephen, c was healed/ So profound was the impression caused by one of these cures in 1306, that Pachymeres2 considered it his duty, as the historian of his day, to record the wonder ; and his example may be followed to furnish an illustration of the beliefs and usages
1 Itin. russes, pp. 225, 233.                              2 Pachym, L p. 365.